yachtpaint.com Glossary of Terms - C

Alphabetical index of marine painting terms used in the construction, maintenance and repair of boats.



Catalyst
Hardener, activator, accelerator, curing agent ; a material which starts a reaction but is not actually consumed in that reaction.


Cat-eye
Hole shaped like a cat's eye ; cratering


Cathodic Protection
Corrosion prevention by sacrificial anodes, usually a zinc alloy


Chalking
Powdering of surface


Checking
Slight V-shaped breaks appear in a paint film due to uneven shrinkage through the cross section of a coat of paint


Chipping
1. Cleaning steel using special hammers 2. Type of paint failure


Chlorinated Rubber
A particular film former used as a binder made by chlorinating natural rubber


Cissing
Fish eyes ; small causer-like depressions in a paint film


Cleaner
Solvent for cleaning paint equipment


Coat Tar Epoxy Paint
Paint made of a combination of coal tar with epoxy resin


Coat Tar Urethane Paint
Paint made of a combination of coal tar with urethane resin


Cobwebbing
Premature drying causing a spider web effect when spraying, (paint dries before it hits the substrate)


Color Retention
Ability to retain original colour


Compatibility
Ability to mix with or adhere properly to other components


Corrosion
Decay ; oxidation, deterioration due to interaction with environments


Coverage Rate
Non technical number that tells you how much area you can paint with a given volume of material


Cracking
Splitting ; disintergration of paint by breaks through film


Cratering
Formation of holes or deep impressions in paint film


Crawling
Shrinking of paint to form uneven surface


Crazing
A pattern of tiny cracks in the surface of a gelcoat


Cross-linking
A particular method by which chemicals unite to form films


Curing
Hardening


Curing Agent
Catalyst, hardener, activator, accelerator, reactor ; a material that reacts with another to convert a liquid coating to a solid coating


Curtaining
Sagging ; excessive flow of paint on vertical surfaces causing imperfections with thick lower edges in the paint film, not as excessive as runs