What is legislation?

Legislation (or statutory law) is written law which has been formally proclaimed (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body

Who are the legislators?

A legislator is a person who writes and passes laws; especially someone who is a member of a legislature. Legislators are usually politicians and are often elected by the people. A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create and change laws (legislation). Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being parliament and congress.

Legislatures may be;

  • Supra-national (e.g. the United Nations General Assembly)
  • National (e.g. the United States Congress)
  • Regional (e.g. the State Government)
  • Local (e.g. local authorities)

What is a regulatory body?

A regulatory body is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity.

  • Regulatory bodies apply or enforce legislation (laws)
  • They also have the authority to apply additional or increased restrictions under existing legislation, without the need for approval at a legislatory level

An example of a regulatory body in the United States is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA leads the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts. The mission of the EPA is to protect human health and the environment;

  • Develop and Enforce Regulations
  • Give Grants
  • Study Environmental Issues
  • Sponsor Partnerships
  • Teach People About the Environment